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Boštjan Burger

Unescova svetovna dediščina

UNESCO World Heritage Site

GEO-x
gore :: mountains poti :: trails jame :: caves slapovi :: waterfalls zima :: winter
mesta in ostsala naselja :: towns and other settlements sakralna dedišina :: church heritage gradovi in dvorci :: castles and manor houses muzeji :: museums Izginjajoča dedišččina :: Vanishing landmarks
geography novosti :: news reportaže :: journalism Posebna mesta :: special places

slovensko Unescova svetovna dediščina zajema območja, ki so pod zaščito organizacije UNESCO bodisi kot kulturna ali pa kot naravna dediščina.

Kriteriji za svetovno naravno dediščino

Naraven spomenik mora zadoščati vsaj enemu od naslednjih meril, da je lahko sprejet na seznam svetovne dediščine:

Naraven spomenik izhaja iz pomembnega obdobja oziroma stopnje v zgodovini Zemlje ter nosi informacije o življenju, geologiji, zemeljskih oblikah, fiziogeografiji;
Gre za tekoči ekološki ali biološki proces evolucije kopenske ali vodne združbe;
Gre za izreden naraven pojav, izjemno naravno lepoto;
Gre za značilni naravni habitat, namenjen ohranjanju biotske raznovrstnosti na mestu samem.

Kriteriji za svetovno kulturno dediščino

Spomenik predstavlja mojstrovino človeških ustvarjalnih genijev;
Spomenik kaže pomembno izmenjavo človeških vrednot v času znotraj kulturnega območja, na področju arhitekture ali tehnologije, spomeniških umetnosti, načrtovanja mest ali krajinskega načrtovanja;
Je edinstven dokaz kulturne obstoječe ali izumrle tradicije ali civilizacije;
Je izreden primer tipa zgradb ali arhitekturne ali tehnološke zbirke ali pa krajine, ki prikazuje pomembno stopnjo v človeški zgodovini;
Je izreden primer tradicionalnih človeških naselij ali rabe tal, ki je značilna za določeno kulturo, še posebej, če je ta postala ranljiva zaradi vplivov ali nepovratnih sprememb;
Je neposredno ali jasno povezana z dogodki ali živimi tradicijami, z zamislimi ali prepričanji, z umetniškimi in literarnimi deli izrednega svetovnega pomena.

english UNESCO World Heritage Site is a place (such as a forest, mountain, lake, island, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that is listed by UNESCO as of special cultural or physical significance.The list is maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 states' parties which are elected by their General Assembly.

Selection criteria

Until the end of 2004, there were six criteria for cultural heritage and four criteria for natural heritage. In 2005, this was modified so that there is only one set of ten criteria. Nominated sites must be of "outstanding universal value" and meet at least one of the ten criteria.

Cultural criteria

Represents a masterpiece of human creative genius;
Exhibits an important interchange of human values, over a span of time, or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning, or landscape design;
Bears a unique or exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared;
Is an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural, or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates a significant stage in human history;
Is an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement, land-use, or sea-use which is representative of a culture, or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change;
Is directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance.

Natural criteria


Contains superlative natural phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance;
Is an outstanding example representing major stages of Earth's history, including the record of life, significant on-going geological processes in the development of landforms, or significant geomorphic or physiographic features;
Is an outstanding example representing significant on-going ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of terrestrial, fresh water, coastal and marine ecosystems, and communities of plants and animals;
Contains the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity, including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation.

ARGENTINA / Argentina Argentina Argentina
National park and waterfalls of Iguazú (Iguassu) River
Narodni park na območju slapov reke Iguassu
AVSTRIJA / Austria Avstrija Österreich
Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg
Staro zgodovinsko mestno jedro Salzburga
Vienna, Palace and Gardens of Schönbrunn
Dunaj, palača in vrtovi Schönbrunna
BOSNA IN HERCEGOVINA/ BIH Bosna in Hercegovina Bosna i Hercegovina :: Босна и Херцеговина
Mostar Mostar
BRAZILIJA / Brazil Brazilija Brasil
Iguassu National Park
Narodni park Iguassu
EGIPT / Egypt Egipt جمهورية مصر العربية
Memphis and its Necropolis - the Pyramid and Egypt fields from Giza to Dahshur
Memfis - piramide od Gize do Dahshurja
Karnak Temple (Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis)
Tempelj Karnak - antične Tebe
Luxor Temple (Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis)
Tempelj Luksor - antične Tebe
HRVAŠKA / Croatia Hrvaška Hrvatska
The Plitvice lakes national park
Narodni park Plitvička jezera
Diocletian palace in Split

Split: Historical Complex of Split with the Palace of Diocletian

Split: Zgodovinsko jedro Splita z ostalinami Dioklecianove palače

Trogir

Trogir: Historic City of Trogir.

Trogir: Zgodovinsko mestno jedro Trogirja.

FRANCIJA / France Francija France
Albi Albi
Briançon
The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes
Dolina reke Loare med Sully-sur-Loire inChalonnesom
Mont-Saint-Michel and the bay
Zaliv in samostan Mont-Saint-Michel
Paris, Banks of the Seine
Pariz, obrežje reke Seine
Pont du Gard
ITALIJA / Italy Italy Italia
Oglej

Aquileia (Oglej)

Pisa Pisa
San Gimignano San Gimignano
Siena Siena
Venice :: Benetke Venice :: Venezia :: Benetke
MADŽARSKA / Hungary Madžarska Magyaroszag
Budapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue
Budimpešta, obrežje Donave, kraljevski grad v Budi in avenija Andrássy
SLOVENIJA / Slovenia Slovenija Slovenija
Antonijev rov UNESCO: Antonijev rov, Idrija
Ljubljansko barje Ljubljansko barje
UNESCO: The Škocjanske jame Regional Park
Regijski park Škocjanske jame
(c) Boštjan Burger, (1993) 1996-2018