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Breginjski kot


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Breginj is the western most larger settlement along the Slovenian (smaller Robidišče settlement is the western most)- Italian border. In May (6th and 11th May) and September (September 15), 1976, several earthquakes of Breginj severely damaged. Only the church of St. Nicholas with the parish and two homesteads, which are now renovated and proclaimed a cultural monument. After the earthquake, the village of 79 prefabricated houses and a joint stable were erected east of the old bank, and many new houses were built in the old settlement.

Breginj has evolved architecturally as a densely settlement on the bank of the Bela stream. In 1666, a large fire was located in the place, which burned 24 houses and the church. It was due to the industrial cannabis plant that the Breginians cultivated and brought in. After this fire, the Breginians built all the houses made of stone and covered them with curls. You started to get a recognizable Venetian image which gave a settllement appearance, and the houses in the semicircle were connected by neighbors. The homesteads consisted of groups in the form of strings, also associated with stables and haystacks, with interesting subheads and transitions. At that time, two agricultural activities prevailed: barn livestock and more modest polycultural agriculture. Livestock was housed in barns that were directly connected to residential areas. Homemade cheese was, with polenta and potatoes, one of the most important nutritional and sales items.

The oral tradition says that the original inhabitants were Bregin's nomads grazing sheep. They had simple dwellings that were told by the captions. These dwellings were covered with beech foliage. Later, the houses were built and covered with straw.
In history books, Breginjs was first mentioned in 1084. In the 15th century, it is already under the authorities of the Venetians, 1521 under the authorities of Austria, 1805 again under Italy, 1813 again under Austria, and 1915 for the third time under Italy, until the end of World War II, until the end of World War II, until the end of World War II, as she passed under Yugoslavia. There was no prosperity under any master, only poverty remained.

Old village core - Breginj

EID: 1-00044
ESD: 44
Genre: settlements and their parts
Type: settlement heritage
Scope: group of objects

Description: The ambience consists of the remnant of the former village center with the 18th and 19th century Breginjsko Tip Houses.
Location Description: Ambient lies with the newly built part of the village.
Date: 18th century, 19th century.

Settlement: Breginj
Municipality: Kobarid

Before the earthquake, Breginj was declared a monument of the first category. The 1976 earthquake almost completely erased the old Breginj. There are only three houses remaining as a memory of the pearl of Slovenian architecture. The Breginje Museum, the only preserved fragment of the old village core, a complex of two -storey, with Ganka intertwined stone houses, is the only witness today about the image of a former village.

A complex of two-storey, intertwined stone houses is a unique open-air museum and the only preserved testimony of the appearance of a former bank, demolished after the 1976 earthquake. with the living culture of the former inhabitants.

In landscaped gallery and multifunctional premises, a permanent exhibition of photographs of the former Breginja, shot by photographer Jaka Čop before the fateful earthquake
In the form of a cluster, the densely built old Breginj was considered a pearl of unique Venetian Slovene architecture. It had an oval floor plan with concentrally drawn streets, landlords. They dominated the stones of masonry houses with wooden exterior corridors (Ganka), staircases, balconies (linda) on wooden or stone pillars under large abandonment and "peasant" murals on the facades. The homesteads consisted of groups of facilities in the form of sets with interesting subheads and transitions. After the 1976 earthquake, Breginj was entirely built. Breginj carefully brought his precedent soul into the only preserved building string where a museum is now arranged.

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Digitalizacija dediščine: (c) Boštjan Burger, (1993) 1996-2024