Burger Landmarks, virtualne ekskurzije :: virtual excursions.

Projekt je namenjen osebam z omejenim gibanjem in izobraževanju na daljavo.


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Burger Landmarks, virtualne ekskurzije :: virtual excursions.

Spletna stran burger.si je petindvajsetletni spletni (1993 - 2019) projekt prikaza naravne in kulturne dediščine.

Projekt temelji na interaktivnih 360°prostorskih slikah. Projekt je namenjen osebam z omejenim gibanjem in izobraževanju na daljavo.

This virtual guide is an attempt to present world landmarks. The goal of this project is to document and visualize the cultural and natural heritage of our planet with interactive 360° Surround Photography and being used with people having limited movement and e-learning. Documented locations help with spatial ability of the specific location. The idea and the start of the ground work for the project is from the year 1993 and with the intensive ground work from 1994. The project was first published online in 1996 (within domain burger.si from March 1997) and was updated every week. This presentation is a part of work in progress. Until July 1st 2011 the web site consisted of over 11.000 surround photographies. Because of its nature, mistakes appear in certain sections, among which are also the English texts. The author apologises for all weaknesses and is striving to improve them. Slovenija, slovenia, 360, learning, education, šolstvo, izobraževanje, kultura, culture, museum, museums, muzej, city view, Ljubljana, Maribor, Celje, Koper, Kamnik, Domžale, Novo mesto, Murska Sobota, Kranj, Bled, Postojna Cave, ww1, Paris, Venice, France, Italy, Italia, Corse, Corsica, Cave, jama, speology, arnes, Austria, Avstrija, Brazil, Brasil, ekskurzije, excursion, virtual, VR, HMD, cardboard, navidezna, resničnost, realnost, geografija, geography. Prva slovenska spletna enciklopedija naravne in kulturne dediščine s poudarkom na območje Slovenije. author: Boštjan Burger (Bachelor of Science in Geography, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia). Natural and historical features, beauty of the country and good geographical location, just near the Alps, make Bled and countryside an ideal place for tourism. Bled has a mild, sub-Alpine climate. It is protected from the northern winds with the ridges of the Julian and Karavanke Alps. The average temperature in June is 19°C and January is -1.7°C. Only 3 km from the lake is one of the the best golf playgrounds on the word and in the settlement is an administrative centre of Triglav National Park. Lake Bled is lake in East Julian Alps in north-west Slovenia. It is situated at the elevation of 475 m. The lake is a combination of glacial and tectonic origins and had appeared behind the moraines of the former Bohinj glacier in Pleistocene. Length of the lake is 2120 m and the width 1380 m, surface of the lake is 144 hectares, the deepest point is 30,6 m, the highest temperature of the water reaches about 25°C (July). The 'icons' of Bled are picturesque isle on the natural lake and a castle built on the steep rock above the lake. Brezje village is located in the Gorenjska region (map). The elevation is 485 m and there is a nice view to the highest peak of Slovenia Triglav (Julian Alps - Julijci) and Karavanke Alps. Famous worth seeing is a basilica of St. Vid with the chapel. It is a popular pilgrim destination. Inside the chapel is a painting of Maria (helper). Since 1863 prays were answered in front of the painting. After that the church becomes too small for so many pilgrims and in 1889 the church started getting present image. It was consecrated in 1900. In 1988 the church got title * basilica by the pope Paul II. He visited it in 1996. Full indulgence can be received basilica in the holly year 2000. Celje je z zgodovinskega zornega kota med napomembnejšimi slovenskimi mesti. V njem so vladali Celjski knezi, ki so bili v srednjem veku (14, 15. stoletje) med najpomemembnejšimi vladarskimi rodbinami v Evropi. Morda je Celje res le še eno provincialno mestece, kakršnih v srednjeevropskem prostoru nikakor ni malo. Presenetljiva podobnost, urbanistična in arhitekturna sorodnost, skrbna urejenost in prisrčna domačnost so pač žlahtna dediščina skupne preteklosti. In vendar je Celje enkratno in neponovljivo mesto! Odlična lega, slikovita okolica, slavna zgodovina in prijazni, gostoljubni, odprti ljudje že stoletja družno oblikujejo podobo njegove drugačnosti. Ob bregovih bistre Savinje je vzklilo življenje že v času starejše železne dobe, za časa Keltov pa je na terasah pod Miklavškim hribom zrasla prva znana naselbina. Za časa rimskega cesarja Klavdija sredi 1. stoletja po Kristusu je dobila mestne pravice, v naslednjih dveh stoletjih pa je postopoma prerasla v daleč najpomembnejše trgovsko-obrtno in kulturno središče v Noriku. Izjemno bogate arheološke ostaline dokazujejo, da je antična Celeia po bogastvu in blagostanju svojih prebivalcev močno prekašala sosednja mesta. Stari pisci so jo primerjali kar s slavno Trojo. Mestu, ki je v svoji bogati zgodovini doživelo veličastne vzpone, a tudi boleče padce, so pridali ime "druga Troja". V 4. stoletju po Kristusu ustanovljena celejanska škofija je kljub močnim barbarskim vpadom delovala vse do konca 7. ali celo do začetka 8. stoletja, ko je mesto zajel zgodovinski mrk. Pod zvezdami mogočnih celjskih knezov, je Celje spet zaživelo v stari slavi. Postalo je upravno središče velikanskega dinastičnega ozemlja, ki so ga Celjski skušali državno zaokrožiti. V njihovem času je prej trška naselbina dobila mestne pravice in se - kot knežje mesto - gradbeno, gospodarsko in kulturno močno razvila. Za časa zadnjih celjskih knezov je Celje bilo edino pravo središče humanizma in renesanse na Slovenskem in med najpomemembnejšimi političnimi centri v Evropi. Tudi po letu 1456, ko se je z umorom zadnjega celjskega kneza Ulrika II. boj med Celjskimi in Habsburžani razpletel v korist slednjih, mesto ob Savinji ni omagalo. Tudi v letih najhujših preizkušenj je znalo poiskati nove poti in upanja. V 19. in prvi polovici 20. stoletja, ko so v predmestjih in v širši okolici mesta že rasle moderne strojne tovarne, je Celje kot zanalašč vztrajnoin zanesljivo preraščalo v letoviško mestece, ki je daleč naokoli slovelo po prijaznosti in domačnosti, čudoviti okolici, zdravilnih kopelih v kristalnočisti Savinji, žlahtnem kulturnem življenju in mnogih ohranjenih ostalinah svoje bogate preteklosti. Le redko katero mesto na Slovenskem se namreč lahko pohvali s toliko ohranjenimi in v moderno urbano okolje postavljenimi antičnimi in srednjeveškimi ostalinami. Tlakovane rimske ulice, redka starokrščanska krstilnica, mogočna gornji in spodnji grad (nekdanja knežja palača Celjskih), pa mestne cerkve in obnovljeno srednjeveško obzidje pričajo o nekdanji moči in slavi "druge Troje". Že kratek sprehod po mestu vam bo nevsiljivo razkril arhitekturne bisere iz še drugih, kasnejših obdobij. Stara grofija, v kateri domuje Pokrajinski muzej, tako predstavlja enega najlepših primerov renesančne arhitekture na Slovenskem. Na baročni blišč spominjata Marijino znamenje na Glavnem trgu in Prothasijev dvorec s prekrasno poročno dvorano. Klasicistično arhitekturo ponazarja stari celjski magistrat, v katerem že več desetletij deluje Muzej novejše zgodovine. Celje ob koncu 19. in na začetku 20. stoletja vam lahko pričara vrsta stavb v različnih historičnih slogih: od čudovitega neorenesančnega Narodnega doma do impozantne neogotske Nemške hiše, danes Celjskega doma. Že mlajše so seveda mojstrske stvaritve znamenitega arhitekta Jožeta Plečnika, zlasti prelepo poslopje nekdanje Ljudske posojilnice na vogalu Vodnikove in Stanetove ulice. O bogati celjski preteklosti se lahko poučite in prepričate tudi v obeh mestnih muzejih. Zbirke Pokrajinskega muzeja, ki predstavljajo zgodovino Celja in širše okolice od paleolita do 20. stoletja, strokovnjaki uvrščajo med najlepše na Slovenskem, znameniti Celjski strop v glavni dvorani grofije pa je sploh najpomembnejši spomenik likovne umetnosti med renesanso in barokom na naših tleh. Zgodovino Celja v 20. stoletju predstavlja Muzej novejše zgodovine, v okviru katerega deluje tudi otroški muzej, kot depandansa v Razlagovi ulici pa še Pelikanov stekleni fotografski atelje, edinstven v srednjeevropskem prostoru. Likovna dediščina je na ogled v galeriji sodobne umetnosti, ki ima prostore v obnovljenem traktu Spodnjega gradu. Ko si utrujeni od hoje in ogledov mestnih zanimivosti zaželite postati in strniti vtise, lahko poiščete okrepčila v kakšni prijetni gostilnici, kavarni, bistroju ali restavraciji, ki po svoji urejenosti in ponudbi nikakor ne zaostajajo za podobnimi v večjih srednjeevropskih mestih. V njih vam bodo kuharski mojstri zagotovo znali pripraviti, karkoli že si boste zaželeli: od zares domačih slovenskih jedi do specialitet svetovne kuhinje. Gostinski lokali so v Celju zares skoraj na vsakem koraku, zato vam ob nasvetu prijaznih natakarjev gotovo ne bo težko najti in izbrati jedi in pijače po vašem okusu. Domala povsod vam bodo znali ponuditi tudi kakšno posebnost, ki z njo slovijo v mestu in okolici. Mar ni izvirno, da se po ogledu mestnih znamenitosti lahko okrepčate celo s pravo srednjeveško pojedino, ki jo - na podlagi starih receptov - pripravljajo kuharski mojstri v hotelu Evropa? In kaj porečete na dejstvo, da že v samem središču mesta najdete dobre, stare "kmečke gostilne", kjer ponujajo dobrote, ki jih znajo pripravljati le še naše (pra)babice? Žeje in lakote v Celju ob tako številnih, dobrih in raznovrstnih gostincih zares ne boste trpeli. Če pa si boste utrujeni od duhovne in druge hrane v mestu ob Savinji zaželeli ostati še kakšen dan, si boste zlahka poiskali primerno prenočišče v štirih lepo urejenih celjskih hotelih. V nobenem izmed njih se vam ne bo treba ubadati z zoprnim problemom, kje varno pustiti svojega jeklenega konjička. Očarljivost slikovite okolice Mnogi, ki so od konca 19. stoletja prihajali v Celje, so bili tako navdušeni nad mestom, da so ga poimenovali kar "biser ob Savinji". Celje se res lahko pohvali z odlično lego in prekrasno, slikovito okolico, ki kar kliče h krajšim in daljšim izletom. Sprehod po mestnem parku in urejenih sprehajalnih poteh ob Savinji do Grička vas bo osvežil in vam dal novih moči in zagona za težavni vsakdanjik. Z malce več napora se boste povzpeli na Miklavški ali Jožefov hrib (na obeh po stari slovenski tradiciji stojita zanimivi romarski cerkvi), po znameniti Pelikanovi poti pa na celjski Stari grad, ki mu v zadnjih letih z vztrajnimi obnovitvenimi deli uspešno vračajo nekdanjo mogočnost in bogastvo. Če vas privlači planinski svet, so vam na samem obrobju mesta na voljo številne možnosti. Ena najprivlačnejših je gotovo vzpon na Celjsko kočo, od koder je le še dober streljaj do idilične vasice Svetina s čudovito gotsko cerkvico. Tamkajšnje slikovito pokopališče si je za zadnji dom izbrala tudi znamenita celjska pisateljica in svetovna popotnica Alma Karlin. Morda pa vas bo zamikalo obiskati Šmartinsko jezero, največje umetno jezero na Slovenskem, ki vas bo prijazno sprejelo in vam ponudilo najrazličnejše oblike sprostitve: od sprehodov in kolesarjenja do kopanja, čolnarjenja, jahanja in ribolova. Toda razlogov za obisk Celja s tem še nikakor ni konec! Kot nekoč je Celje tudi danes prvovrstna izhodiščna točka za krajše in daljše izlete v Savinjsko dolino in številna okoliška zdravilišča. O bogastvu in kulturni moči antične Celeje se boste lahko najbolje prepričali v odlično ohranjeni nekropoli v Šempetru, le nekaj kilometrov oddaljena jama Pekel pa vam bo odstrla skrivnostni podzemni svet. O lepotah Zgornje Savinjske doline ne gre izgubljati besed, Logarska dolina pa je itak že od nekdaj prav posebno doživetje. Nič manj presenečeni ne boste nad kakovostno ponudbo okoliških naravnih zdravilišč. Do Laškega, Dobrne, Zreč, Atomskih toplic in Rogaške Slatine je iz Celja res kratka pot. Če boste bivali v prijaznem mestu ob Savinji, si boste tako lahko privoščili skoraj neverjetno razkošje: vsak dan se boste lahko odpravili v drugo zdravilišče! Možnost izbire je vsekakor kvaliteta. Sloves dobrega gostitelja. Celje je ravno prav veliko mesto, da boste hitro spoznali vse prednosti, ki jih premore. Restavracije, gostilne in kavarne, hoteli, obrtne delavnice in trgovine, športno-rekreacijske površine, muzeja in galerije, kulturnozgodovinski spomeniki in naravne znamenitosti si sledijo kot po tekočem traku. Prijetno se boste počutili, ker se vam v času oddiha ne bo treba ubadati z zoprnimi (vele)mestnimi nevšečnostmi, saj se boste po Celju lahko sprehajali brez zemljevida v rokah, na avtobuse, tramvaje in metroje pa vam ne bo treba čakati. Toda prednosti obvladljivosti in preglednosti Celja boste še bolj občutili takrat, ko se boste v mestu ob Savinji znašli na službenem obisku. Celje je primerno in vzpodbudno okolje za delovna srečanja. Ob tem seveda ne gre pozabiti na edini otroški muzej v Sloveniji - Hermanov brlog, ki deluje v okviru Muzeja novejše zgodovine, a tudi ne na v domovini in tujini znano Zlato harmoniko, ki jo kot veliko harmonikarsko srečanje in tekmovanje že 20 let prireja prizadevno KUD Ljubečna. Celje si kot eno večjih mest mlade slovenske države vztrajno prizadeva, da bi ohranilo in utrdilo svoj sloves kulturnega središča, mesta, ki ljubi kulturo. Mesta, ki se zaveda, da prav kultura oblikuje njegovo duhovno podobo, s tem pa tudi njegov jutri. The three centuries old lace-making tradition has made Idrija famous. Idrija boasts with lace making school which has been active for more than 120 years! In 1490 a rich deposit of mercury ore was discovered Idrija. After 500 years the world's second largest mercury mine has closed but visitors to Idrija can see a collection of restored mining facilities and historical sights that testify to its extraordinary past. The castle of Idrija kept its historic name Gewerkenegg (the mining castle). Izola is old fishing town with the rich history. With the pleasant position on the northern Istria and the marine is also important nautical centre. The first step toward the tourism started in 1820 when the thermal water was discovered. The town is important by a fishing industry. The first fishing industry factory at the Adriatic coast was built near Izola. Interesting: Latin name for island is "izola" and Izola use to be an island which was connected to the mainland with a stony bridge. The town was encompassed with the wall which was at the beginning of the 19th century pulled down and the material was used to cover sea between the island and mainland. Izola use to be known as a town of the rebels. It has also declared Independence in 1253 and became a town with the proper laws and authority for a short period. In the 13th and 14th century there were also a "town wars" with the Piran and Koper.Kamnik is a historical and old town below the Kamnik-Savinja Alps . The settlement was as a town mentioned in 1229. At that time was prosperous strong in economy. It had also its own mint. It was cosmopolitan town, where abode known noble families. Ruins the Old and Little castle, old town centre with the narrow lanes and many other interesting details remind us on history of the Kamnik. The Legend about bewitched countess Veronika - by halves girl and by halves snake is interesting. By the legend, she was a guardian of the hidden treasure near the Little castle. Kamnik is a very interesting tourist place today. Beside historical and cultural features, it is an excellent point for the mountaineering in Kamnik Alps nearby. Ski slopes on Velika planina are a great opportunity for Kamnik to become a fine ski center. Koper is the main Slovenian port and the entrance to the inland of the Central Europe. It is located on the "top" of Istria. Koper was an island till the 19th century and only shallow 'closed' bay, named Škocjanski zatok remains.. Later the town and the island were connected with the mainland. Old town centre boasts with the rich architecture and cultural monuments. Piran is old Mediterranean town which is situated at the cape of the Piran peninsula on the northern side of Istria. The town is actually one large museum with the medieval architecture and rich culture heritage. Narrow streets and tight houses are a special charm of the town. Piran is an administrative centre of the local area and also important Slovenian tourist centre.The most remarkable buliding of the Piran is aparish church of the St. George. The church was built approximately in the 12th century, present figure is from 1637. The tower bell of the church St. George was bulit in 1608 and is a smaller copy of the famous tower bell of St. Marcul in Venice. Interior of the church is worth seeing. Ljubljana is the capital of Slovenia, where the Slovenian Parliament and the Palace of the President of the Republic of Slovenia are located. Despite being a small city, it has a diverse history. The characteristic of the city is the old town core - 'Old Ljubljana', through which flows the Ljubljanica River and many churches. Informal center of the city is Prešernov trg (square), which is connected with the "Old Town" with the famous triple bridge - 'Tromostovje'. On the castle hill above the city stands the Ljubljana castle with a viewing tower from which view of the city and its surroundings. The lungs of the city are park Tivoli, which offers a quick retreat from the city bustle and in the immediate vicinity of the Ljubljana Zoo. An important 'green' point of the city is also a small but famous Botanical Garden. Among the cultural halls of the city are museums and galleries. The architect Jože Plečnik gave a great impression to the present appearance of Ljubljana, with the world first connected by the railway station. The festive December is boasting of the wild events and vividly decorated city streets. Ptuj used to be one of the most important towns in Central Europe in Middle Ages. The legendary antar road took its course trought this place. Ptuj is also among the oldest towns in Slovenia with many cultural points of interest in town and the countryside. Postojnska jama (Postojnska jama cave) world is the part of Slovenia which has been carved, shaped and created by water; deep within these world -famous caves hide the most precious beauty created througt millions of years, a drop after a drop, year after a year... More than 26 millions people from all over the world have admired the stalagmites and the stalactites of the Postojnska jama in 175 years of organised tourism. However, ancient signatures in the entrance passages prove that the cave was first visited in the 13 th century. The ~ 20-kilometre long underworld system is a miracle in itself, but one gets truly astounded at the look of the mysterious 'human fish' - Olm (Proteus anguinus - take a look to the background...), wondering at the strange form of life preserved in the underground kingdom. another mystery of the underground... The cave is accessible without special equpment, and has a constant temperature of 8° C. Visitors are taken for a tour by a special cave train, accompanied by experienced guides. A visit takes an hour and a half. Because of their extraordinary significance for the world's natural heritage, in 1986 the Škocjanske jame were included in UNESCO's World Heritage List. The Republic of Slovenia pledged to ensure the protection of the Škocjanske jame area and therefore adopted the Škocjanske jame Regional Park Act. The Park is managed by the Park Škocjanske jame Public Service Agency, located in Škocjan 2, Slovenia. The Škocjanske jame Regional Park is situated in the south-western part of Slovenia, in the region called Kras, or Karst. Kras is the area where researchers first began discovering typical karst formations, karst caves and other karst features, and is therefore also referred to as the original or classical Karst. The internationally accepted term used in karstology for a steep-sided and flat-floored depression -- doline or dolina - owes its origins precisely to the dolines in the Škocjan area (Velika and Mala dolina), where the Reka river disappears underground for the last time. The Škocjanske jame Regional Park, which is situated in the Divača municipality, extends over an area of 413 hectares and encompasses the area of the caves, the surface above the caves, the system of collapsed dolines and the Reka river gorge to the bridge in Škoflje. The boundary of the Park runs along the Kozina-Divača highway on the west, embraces part of the Divača Kras on the north, and in the south-eastern direction extends to the foothills of the flysch hills of Brkini. The passage of a river from flysch to limestone is called contact karst, and the Škocjanske jame caves which are located in such a passage, are a unique example of this karst feature. The Park embraces the characteristic and unique karst landscape combining a great number of karst features in one place. Together with the system of caves, collapsed dolines and individual cultural monuments, the Park makes up a typical karst "architecture". The unusual climatic conditions in the dolines and at the cave entrances account for the blended presence of both Alpine and Mediterranean flora.