Novo mesto is the economic and cultural
center of the Dolenjska region. It is situated at the crossroads of the
main traffic routes in the middle of a hilly landscape just above the Krka
river meander. This area was settled above 1000 years B.C. Arheological
excavations shows that the place was inhabited from the end of the Bronze
Age until the end of the Roman empire. Most of the excavations are kept
in the Dolenjska
museum. The town was founded on the 7th of April 1365 by the Rudolf
IV. von Hapsburg in purpose to firm a base of the Hapsburgs in their advance
towards the Adriatic sea. A grammar-school was founded in 1746 and in 1749
a district office. The town got its primary school and in 1816 a girls-school.
In 1850 was estabilshed the gendarmery and the court. In 1875 the National
home (Narodni dom) was completed - it was the first in teritory.
The railway connected Novo mesto with the other parts of the industrial
Europe in 1894.
In 1958 the highway Ljubljana-Zagreb was built
- that caused that Novo mesto started to grow in one of the main economic
and industrial centres in Slovenia.