Palaeolithic station Babja jama

Palaeolithic station Babja jama. This cave was used as a shelter for women and children in a time of the Osmani plunder in 15th and 16th century. During the research of all caves in the spring of 1967 the attention of the archaeologist drew a modest cave Babja jama. Their good position and easy access enabled sounding. In the depth of 1.8 m were in sediment, course gravel mixed with loam found first bone fragments, pieces of charcoal and a flint tool.
Systematic excavation started in summer 1968. Palaeolithic remains were found in the depth of 2.5 m, in the depth of 3 m they reached the solid breccia with no more remains.
In 1972 the members of the Society for the cave research Simon Robič Domžale started to dig a connection between the two caves, Babja jama and Železna jama. They founded a bones and artefacts and stopped the dig. Archaeological research started in 1972 and 1973 and included whole cave. In the spring 1987 the socialistic youth organisation had a working camp in a nearby castle Krumperk. Some of the young people helped the archaeologists with the excavation in front of Babja jama.
Bones and teeth of Holocene and Pleistocene mammals were found in the cave. Most bones were broken, sharp edges of the fragments, some showed also traces of fire were remains of the hunters prey from the ice age. There are bones of the raindeer, marmot, lemming, beaver, moos and bison. This shows great variety of the temperature in the Pleistocene and migrations of the animals connected with that. Many tools of the ice age hunters were found too. these findings in the Babja jama are between 1200 and 15000 years old.
Much older are the findings from Mokriška cave above the Kamniška Bistrica, where the teeth and bones of animals, living there 35000 years were found.

Uvod - Prologue

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(c) Boštjan Burger, (1993) 1996-2017